Type 2 Diabetes – A Family History Of Diabetes And The Effect of Fitness

Type 2 diabetes is increasingly being seen as an aspect of what is called the metabolic syndrome which is a fairly common condition characterized by insulin resistance and many related effects, including:

  • high blood sugar,
  • high blood pressure,
  • high levels of various fats in the blood, and
  • obesity.

Obesity, particularly the style characterized by abdominal fat, is one of the criteria for the metabolic syndrome, and most people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are overweight in this way.

Poor physical fitness, and poor conditioning are also associated with Type 2 diabetes, especially in individuals with a family history of this type of diabetes. Anyone whose close relatives have Type 2 diabetes have a two to four times higher risk of developing the condition than people without such a family history.

Investigators in the Department of Physiology at S. Nijalingappa Medical College in India looked at fitness in healthy individuals with a family history of Type 2 diabetes and compared them with volunteers with a healthy family history.

The study, published in the Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism in November 2011, included 64 individuals, 32 with a positive family history of Type 2…

  • the body mass index, and waist measurement were higher in the participants with a family history of diabetes than in those without a family history of diabetes, and
  • those with a positive family history of diabetes were slower to recover from exercise than those with a negative family history.

The causes of Type 2 diabetes are complex, and consist of interactions of:

  • heredity,
  • environment,
  • diet and
  • lifestyle.

Although specific genes have been associated with Type 2 diabetes, perhaps at least part of the risk associated with family history could be due to eating patterns and a sedentary lifestyle taught to children from their parents and significant others. If that is the case, then changing patterns… diet and activity, within a family could lower the risk of diabetes associated with family history. If not, healthy eating habits and exercise are still known to help prevent the development of Type 2 diabetes, so developing good eating and lifestyle habits in a family are bound to be beneficial.

Thanksgiving is just a couple of weeks away. After the feast has been consumed, instead of sitting around consider…

  • having a family nature hike and see how many colors of leaves and fall-flowering plants you can find. See if you can discover birds’ nests that were hidden by foliage during the summer. (Don’t take any of them; some birds return to the same nest each season).
  • a hayride is a good way to get out of the house and away from food.

For Christmas and Hanukkah in the northern hemisphere, think of toys that encourage activity, such as:

  • sleds,
  • skis, or
  • ice skates.

In warmer climates and in the southern hemisphere, surfboards and swimsuits will encourage physical activity. Try having a beach party for a different and healthy way of celebrating the holidays.

Three ounces of turkey breast have 88 calories (368 kJ), while 3 ounces of firm tofu have only 60 calories (251 kJ), so consider tofu turkey for Thanksgiving and Christmas. The tofu variety is easier to cook and has the same flavor, so why not?

Want to Save College Tuition? More Students Than Ever Are Taking AP English and AP US History Exams

Competition to get into college has gotten out of control. The playbook on admissions strategies has become fatter than the college textbooks themselves – which is saying something if you’ve ever had to tote around the Fundamentals of Physics series. Nowadays there are programs that coach students through college interviews, classes that bump SAT scores up X hundred points or more, and paid professionals who ghostwrite admission essays.

Getting a leg up doesn’t begin in high school anymore, either; a growing number of anxious parents are sending their four- and five-year-olds to kindergartens that require IQ tests and special observation periods. (Who knew you could learn so much about kids by watching how they eat glue?) If that isn’t enough of a preemptive strike, there’s always learning CDs that you can play directly into your unborn baby’s still-developing ears.

As it turns out, one of the best ways to navigate the college admissions jungle is to take Advanced Placement courses. AP classes not only give you classroom cred and boost your GPA, but also prepare you for the more rigorous academics you’ll encounter in college. If that’s not enough of an incentive, consider the fact that doing well on AP exams can give you college credit. A four or five on an AP Government, AP English Literature, or AP US History exam can get you out of required freshman courses and into electives. If you play your cards right, they could even mean a faster graduation date.

It’s a shame that the goal has become getting through college as quickly as possible, but with tuition rates skyrocketing, fewer and fewer people can afford to become super seniors. And if you think that high tuition only applies to fancy four-year schools, consider the fact that the tuition for a private four-year school has only risen an average 4.4 percent since last year according to the US Department of Education. For public four-year schools, the increase is more like 6.5 percent. Community colleges have been the hardest hit, with the average tuition increase at a whopping 7.3 percent.

At the same time, the US Department of Education reports that the overall acceptance rate at four-year institutions fell from 71.3 percent in 2001 to 66.8 percent in 2007 – and the economic crisis certainly hasn’t helped this trend. With all this in mind, it’s no wonder that in the last ten years, the number of high schoolers taking the AP test has risen over 160 percent.

The good news is that between 2000 and 2009, the number of AP courses that individual high schools offer has risen an average of 24 percent, meaning more and more students can reap the benefits of Advanced Placement education. In fact, 15.9 percent of the Class of 2009 scored a 3 or higher in an AP course, which is up 3.2 percent since 2004. However, before you assume that the increasing number of AP students will lose you your competitive edge, keep in mind that the larger pool of test-takers has also raised the percentage of non-passing scores by 5 percent since 1999. In other words, it’s still not too late – or too intimidating – to jump on the AP bandwagon and save yourself a little college debt.

Guide to Sports Gambling

Sports gambling has become a very popular hobby in both United States and throughout the World. Everyone has the sport they like to bet on most. In the United States, football is extremely popular. However, millions of people bet on baseball, basketball and hockey as well. Throughout the World, tennis and rugby are more popular.No matter what sport you are betting on, it is important to be smart and bet objectively. For most people, this is not possible when they are betting for their favorite team. This is the most common mistake people make and it causes millions of people to lose bets every year.You would think that betting on your favorite team would be easy because you know them the best. This should be the case if people could not allow their bias for a particular team to creep into their betting decision. However, not many people are able to do this. A good rule to follow is that if you are unwilling to bet against your favorite team, you should not bet for them either.This is smart because as a fan, you should have a good idea when they will struggle and possibly lose a game. If you are unwilling to place a bet for them to lose, you are not betting objectively.The best strategy to use when placing bet is to never bet unless you can explain why you made that selection. This is only possible after you do research. You should look up injury reports, team records, home and away records among other facts. Once you do this, you will have a better idea how the game will go and you will be able to make a more informed decision.

Quick Fixes Fail to Deliver

Are you looking for quick-fix solutions to change management? Do you want to wire your employees positively for change? As a facilitator I have a reasonably varied insight to the ways managers try to create change. Evidence abounds of the conventional approach which attempts to create fast change driven by the market or stakeholder demands, but there is a more recent emerging trend to drive change deeply into the core beliefs of employees.The former approach is based upon one change at a time, and is usually a knee-jerk type reaction aimed at moving from the current situation to a desired future scenario. The expectation is that the new state will be quick to create, and be as steady as the last.There is far less evidence of the emerging latter approach, but it does seem to be delivering much higher value, on two counts. The first is that the newly created state is longer lasting, and the second is that people are much better able to accept and indeed champion future changes. This emerging trend makes absolute sense to anyone in business for the long term, because nothing is as safe a bet as the future will continue to require people to change.The more we observe these approaches to change the more we see the former conventional approach reflected widely in society. If you take a look around you will observe people everywhere looking for instant gratification of one sort or another. There seems to be a growing obsession in society at large for instant payback. Notice how advertising is changing. We have faster moving images and sound bites hypnotising us into brand loyalty. Soap operas and comedy serials move faster these days pushing shorter bursts of multiple scenarios onto our screens. Product life-cycles are shortening as consumers demand new and different functionality from their gadgets. Anyone who can keep up with fashion is probably earning much more than they need.Notice also the unprecedented rise in the number of places where you can gamble. Walk down any suburban high street or shopping area and you will see that betting shops now appear in clusters. Count the number of gaming websites, scratch-cards, lotto tickets and competitions, and win yourself an ipod if you get within 200 of the actual figure. I don’t know anyone who is financially well-off who gambles in the hope of making more money. Maybe this is because few people get rich by gambling, and history shows that those who beat the odds and are lucky enough to win have difficulty managing their finances, and often end up losing everything in a short space of time. People who gamble are usually poorer than they want to be, whilst the professional gambler likes a little more control over the odds and is more likely to invest in the stock market.There are more gurus giving us the secrets of wealth creation, and they are drawing larger audiences of people who want to be saved from the labour of working it out for themselves. Make me rich, make me thin, make me attractive, make me sexy and make me happy. It’s as though people are giving up on themselves and looking elsewhere for their instant gratification.Organisations also seek instant gratification. They want an instant return on their investment. This is to be expected if you are buying raw materials, or new technology, but less likely in the change stakes. Yet this doesn’t seem to prevent some companies from ‘sheep-dipping’ people in the hope that large scale behaviour change will follow. It rarely does. For this you need to bite the bullet and take a longer term view, so that change can become an integral part of what people do every day. The next change will not be so easy to predict, so when it arrives on your doorstep you need to act quickly. If your people are wired positively for change you will be able to respond in good time. However, if they have just gotten used to the last change then you are probably going to sheep-dip once again.When it comes to equipping people with skills, there is no skill in greater demand than the ability to embrace and adapt positively to change. This fact alone is responsible for the growth in courses which challenge the norms which employees and managers operate from, and encourage more creative idea generation. But it is early days yet. Many blue chip employers are not getting this message on their radar. Many are actively filtering it out and staying with convention. Does this mean they prefer to keep their employees in the dark? What are they worried about? If employees end up thinking smarter might they use their newfound wisdom to find a more up-to-date company to work for? Perhaps one which knows how to tap into their true potential and provide a real stretch and challenge to their capability?

Compulsive Gambler Continues Down Self Destructive Path With Little Hopes To Stop Gambling

Everyday I here of compulsive gamblers who are continuing to gamble even though they have tried one recovery program or another. This is a story of a compulsive gambler named Robert who relapsed over and over again until he found the right recovery program.Robert a compulsive gambler from the United States relapsed more then ten times in the last three years. He continues to search for a stop gambling recovery program.He questioned what made him go back to the casino after he abstained for at least three weeks or more? One day he realized that the gambling establishment’s use of subtle subliminal advertising was what brought him back time and time again. This was a major break through for Robert. Understanding this helped him to break his negative repetitive pattern.He remembers driving to work at eight in the morning. The news came on and announced there was a hundred thousand dollar winner last night at the Casino. Then they continued to talk about it and continuously repeat the words “someone has to win maybe that would be you.” That’s all Robert needed to hear. He called in sick and headed straight to the casino. He arrived and two hours later he lost a thousand dollars. He was depressed and very emotional. He had no idea how this happened again.It’s unfortunate but he continued to go down a self destructive path that seems impossible for him to ever escape from. Besides the mounting debt, his self esteem decreased as each day passed. Robert was trapped. He knows gambling is no good for himI have known gamblers to put thousands of dollars in one slot machine believing it will turn around. It’s doesn’t happen often, but just suppose the gambler hits for five thousand dollars. At that moment in time, the gambler feels great. He now believes there’s nothing they can’t do. It doesn’t matter if they sat at that slot machine for five hours. Then with out realizing it a few hours later they lost all the money they had just won. After leaving they would head home and ask themselves how? Robert had done this hundreds of times only to go back again and again.Robert was determined to stop gambling but he kept asking himself “How did this happen again? He once stopped for three months. During this period he was more financially sound and more relaxed and very content with his family. Out of nowhere he received a four hundred dollar gift certificate to the gift shop at the local gambling establishment Christmas holiday. When he opened it, it made his day. He wanted to buy his wife something nice. She was very proud of him and believed he was on the road to recovery. With out telling his wife, Robert jumped in the car and head to the gambling establishment. As he arrived, he had the biggest adrenaline rush. He parked his car and headed directly to the gift shop and purchased a nice bracelet. As he headed out the door and back to his car he thought maybe just one bet. He fought with himself for about five minutes which seemed like hours. He went back in and the next thing he realized he lost over two thousand dollars.Robert decided it was time to stop. He was so ashamed of himself. He was now determined to stop. He found a self help manual and a private chat room and the rest is one day at a time. He’s learned to confront these triggers and move forward. The I Stopped Gambling website helped him to move forward and deal with his gambling addiction head on.